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Health Tips: HBV Infected “Mothers-to-be"
2016-07-28 11:18:43
Hepatitis B (HBV) is the most common serious viral infection of the liver that 
can lead to premature death from liver cancer or liver failure.
Facts You Need to Know About HBV

|  In the U.S., approximately 10-15 people die every day as a result of HBV infection.

|  Hepatitis B can be transmitted from an infected mother to her child during pregnancy.

|  Hepatitis B can still be transmitted through unprotected sex and contaminated blood (sharing toothbrushes, razors, or needles for tattoos/piercings)

|  Newborns who become infected with HBV have a 90% chance of developing chronic (lifelong) infection.

Fortunately, you can protect yourself and your baby 
from HBV with a very safe 
and effective vaccine

The First “Anti-cancer Vaccine”
HBV & Moms-to-be

Ask your doctor for the 
results of your HBV test

Most people with chronic HBV infection have no symptoms. As an expecting mother, you should have already been tested for HBV with the following blood test:

- Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg): 
it tells if you have chronic hepatitis B (also known as being a hepatitis B carrier).

If you have not been infected,
Get vaccinated!

The 3 shots given over 6 months are safe, even
during pregnancy. The hepatitis B vaccine is so
effective in preventing HBV and liver cancer that it is known as the first “anti-cancer vaccine.”

Since 1991, U.S. national guidelines have
recommended that all newborns be vaccinated
against HBV. The 3 shots can protect your baby against hepatitis B viruses, reducing the risk of liver cancer and liver damage in the future.

The vaccine is safe, even 
for premature babies.

Take extra precautions 
If you are a mom with HBV

During pregnancy:

Protect yourself. Ask your doctor to monitor your
liver blood test for liver damage and refer you to a liver specialist for further eva luation. If you are already on hepatitis B antiviral treatment before pregnancy, discuss with your doctor.

Cesarean sections (C-sections) have not been
found to prevent HBV transmission from mother to child. Hepatitis B vaccination along with the HBIG shot is the best way to protect your newborn against HBV infection.

After your baby is born:

In addition to the first shot of the hepatitis B
vaccine, make sure your newborn receives the
hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) shot.

For the first 6 months:

It is critical for your child to complete the hepatitis B vaccine series on time. This will be more than 95% effective in protecting your newborn baby against HBV infection.

Breastfeeding is safe if your baby received the
hepatitis B vaccine and HBIG at birth. HBV is not transmitted through breast milk.

Moms with HBV
You MATTER too!

Remember to get screened
for liver disease

You probably have no symptoms and feel healthy, but are still at increased risk for liver damage or liver cancer. However, regular screening and appropriate treatment can reduce this risk and help you lead a normal, healthy life. Ask your doctor for the following tests:


Don’t rush into treatment
Not every person with chronic HBV infection needs treatment. But if your ALT level is elevated, treatment with antiviral medication may be appropriate.

Be sure to review all medications with your doctor. Even some over-the-counter or herbal medications can injure your liver.

Get the hepatitis A vaccine
Avoid drinking alcohol

Protect your loved ones
Make sure your family and partner are tested for HBV and vaccinated if they haven't done so.

Source: Asian Liver Center

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